Lower Pleistocene (2,5-0,8 Ma)
redrawn after LENTINI et al. 2009
The Salice outcrop lies in the northeastern edge of Sicily in the Peloritani Mountains at a height of 340m above sealevel. The Peloritani Mountains form part of the Calabria-Peloritani Arc (CPA), which connects the NW-SE trending Apennines with the E-W trending Sicilian and African Maghrebids. The CPA lies at the active convergence between the African and European plates, which is characterized by heavy tectonic activity in the Pleistocene and till present (LENTINI et al. 2009).
Due to its 40% portion of planktonic foraminifera the sample indicates deeper waters of 100m or more at its time of deposition in the Lower Pleistocene (1,8-0,8 Ma). The sample is found present at 340m height, which indicates an uplift of 450m or more in the short geological time of 1,8 Ma.
This conclusions corresponds to LENTINI et al. 1995 Abstract: "The Recent evolution of the Peloritani Mountain Belt is characterized by major progressive uplift of the southern margins of the Tyrrhenian Basin, and local active subsidence related to downfaulting. Such processes resulted in the uplift of mid-Pleistocene fan-delta deposits and late Pleistocene marine terraces deposits to various altitudes above present sea-level."
Lower Pleistocene Age
The found Globorotalia inflata (d'Orbigny, 1839) appears first according to BOLLI et al. 1985 Page 307 in the uppermost Pliocene, just before Pleistocene age. It is commonly found in the Western Mediterranean till today. Only this one species prooves the quite young age of the deposit.
Globorotalia inflata (d'Orbigny, 1839)
The exact positioning of the Salice outcrop into the Lower Pleistocene and upper bathyal is discussed in Dell'Angelo, B. & Bonfitto, A., 2005.